Amy Kirby Post
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|Born||December 20, 1802|
|Birthplace||Jericho, New York (Long Island)|
|Died||January 29, 1889|
|Grave Site||Mt. Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York|
|Contribution||Anti-slavery and woman's rights advocate|
Amy Kirby was born in Jericho, New York on December 20, 1802. Her parents, Joseph Kirby and Mary Seaman Kirby, were farmers and she was one of eight children. The Kirby family belonged to the Society of Friends (Quakers).
When Amy Kirby was in her early 20s, she moved to Scipio, New York to live with her sister, Hannah Kirby Post, and brother-in-law, Isaac Post. Hannah died in 1827, and Amy Kirby married Isaac Post in 1828. In addition to the two children Isaac Post had with his previous wife Hannah, Isaac and Amy (Post) has four children of their own: Jacob, Joseph, Matilda, and Willet. Only four of the children live to be adults (Mary - the daughter of Isaac and Hannah, Jacob, Joseph, and Willet).
In 1836, the Posts moved from Scipio to Rochester, New York, to a house at 36 Sophia Street (now North Plymouth Avenue). That same year, Postís younger sister Sarah also moved to Rochester. A few years later, in 1839, Isaac Post started a drugstore -- named Post, Coleman and Willis -- in the Smith Arcade, at 4 Exchange Street in Rochester.
Amy Post became active in the anti-slavery movement in Rochester soon after she arrived in the city. She signed a petition against slavery in 1837, and her home, a busy station on the Underground Railroad, sometimes housed between ten and twenty fugitive slaves per night. A host of anti-slavery lecturers also stayed with her when they came to Rochester to speak. These guests included William Lloyd Garrison, William C. Nell, Abby Kelley, and Frederick Douglass.
Post helped to found the Western New York Anti-Slavery Society (WNYASS) in 1842, and throughout the 1840s was active in organizing and holding a series of anti-slavery fairs in order to raise money and sympathy for the cause. In 1844, she was selected to be the WNYASS delegate to the annual meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society in New York City and in 1852, when the Society held its annual meeting in Rochester, she served on the business committee. In 1853, with Lucy Coleman, she attended a Western Anti-Slavery Society meeting and went to Canada to visit fugitive slave communities.
In 1845, Post stopped attending the Rochester Monthly Meeting of the Society of Friends and left Genesee Yearly Meeting (Quakers). She left the Quakers because she disagreed that the Societyís ministers and elders had the right to judge the actions that individual members took in matters of conscience, such as abolitionism, the belief that there should be no slavery. (Although Quakers thought slavery was sinful, many ministers and elders disapproved of the methods used by radical anti-slavery reformers and looked in disfavor upon their own members who agreed with these methods.)
Because of her work in the anti-slavery movement, Post developed friendships and shared correspondence with many famous anti-slavery advocates. One such friendship was with Harriet Jacobs, an escaped slave. Jacobs stayed with the Posts for almost a year while she was in Rochester, and Post encouraged her to write her autobiography. Jacobs published Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl in 1861. Lydia Maria Child wrote its introduction, and Post, under an assumed named (alias or pseudonym), wrote the postscript.
During the Civil War, Post tapped into her vast regional anti-slavery network in order to collect goods including food, clothing and medical supplies for the newly freed slaves. She ensured that these were distributed by working with the agent for the Rochester Ladiesí Anti-Slavery Society (LASS) in Virginia.
Post worked for womanís rights as well as for the abolition of slavery, and was involved in the womanís rights movement from its inception in 1848. In July of that year, she traveled nearly fifty miles to the Womanís Rights Convention in Seneca Falls. There, she participated in debates and signed the Declaration of Sentiments. When the participants in that meeting decided to hold another convention in Rochester two weeks hence, Post agreed to work on the arrangements committee. She, with other members of the committee, shocked even womenís rights advocates Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott by insisting that a woman (Abigail Bush) be chosen to preside at this Adjourned Convention. At this convention, which took place on August 2, 1848, Post called the meeting to order and again participated in discussion and debates regarding the Declaration of Sentiments.
Two weeks after the Rochester Convention, Post joined forces with two seamstresses to form the Working Womenís Protective Union. The object of this group was to work toward wage increases for working girls. Post became the treasurer of the Union.
Post attended numerous womenís rights conventions throughout her life. At a Womanís Rights State Convention held in Rochester in 1853, she signed a call and resolutions entitled "The Just and Equal Rights of Women." After the Civil War, she joined the Equal Rights Association and the National Woman Suffrage Association. In 1872, the year her husband Isaac died, she was one of the women who along with Susan B. Anthony attempted to vote in the national election. Unlike Anthony, Post was not allowed to vote, although she did succeed in registering. In 1873, Post once again attempted to vote, but was again turned away.
When the National Woman Suffrage Association held its convention in Rochester, New York on July 19, 1878 to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, Post again helped with arrangements and served as one of the delegates from Monroe County. She was one of the founding members of the Womenís Political Club, (later named the Political Equality Club) founded in Rochester in 1885. In 1888, well into her eighties, she attended the International Council of Women in Washington, DC, which was billed as the largest womenís rights convention held up until that time.
Besides suffrage and abolition, Post was also involved in a number of other causes throughout her life including Spiritualism and temperance.
In 1882, the Rochester community showed its appreciation and respect for Postís work with a celebration of her 80th birthday. She died seven years later, on January 29, 1889, and her funeral was held at the Unitarian Society.
|Bibliography of Suggested Books & Articles|
|Anthony, Susan B et al., History of Woman Suffrage, Rochester, NY: Charles Mann and Susan B. Anthony, 1881 and 1889. vols. I, II, III, IV|
|Coleman, Lucy, Reminiscences, Buffalo: H.L. Green, 1891 (A paper on Post read by Colemen before the Womanís Political Club of Rochester, NY, appears on pp. 83- 86.|
|Garraty, John A. and Mark C. Carnes, eds., American National Biography, NY: Oxford Univ. Press, 1999. v. 17, pp. 724-725|
|Hewitt, Nancy A., Womenís Activisim and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822- 1872, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984. (The bulk of the biographical information (especially about Postís life in Rochester) came from this source.)|
Isaac and Amy Post: Early Rochester Activists, Rochester: 1985 (videocassette, 6 min.)
|McKelvey, Blake, "Civic Medals Awarded Posthumously, Rochester History, Vol. XXII, No. 2, April, 1960.|
McKelvey, Blake, "Womanís Rights in Rochester: A Century of Progress," Rochester History, Vol. X, Nos. 2 & 3, July 1948.
|Yellin, Jean Fagan, Written By Herself: Harriet Jacobsí Slave Narrative, (Offprint from American Literature, v. 53, no. 3, Nov. 1981)|
|Bibliography of Suggested Web Sites|
|Ashley, Martin L., and Mary G. Butler, "Milestones in the Life of Sojourner Truth," at http://www.sojournertruth.org/Library/Archive/MilestonesInTruth.htm. current as of 2/8/00. (includes Truthís meetings and discussions with Post)|
|Densmore, Christopher, "The Quaker Tradition: Sustaining Womenís Rights," at http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/units/archives/urr/NWSA.html.|
|"Harriet Jacobs," in Women Writers and Reformers, at http://www.rlc.dcccd.edu/WorldLang/English/mah8420/Reformers.htm (includes relationship with Post)|
|"Harriet Jacobs to Amy Post, Oct 8th ," in Harriet Ann Jacobs: Three Letters, at http://www.drizzle.com/~tmercer/Jacobs/letters.html|
|Jacobs, Harriet, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl," Chapter 39, at http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/JACOBS/HJCH39.htm current as of 2/8/00 (mentions relationship with Post).|
|Lyons, Mary E., "Letters from a Slave Girl: The Story of Harriet Jacobs, c1997 at http://www.lyonsdenbooks.com/html/jacobs2.htm (mentions relationship with Post).|
|"New Yorkers Active in the Underground Railroad," at http://www.nyhistory.com/ugrr/people.htm (contains short sketch of Amy and Isaac Post). Interesting site to have linked.|
|Rush Rhees Library, (University of Rochester (NY)), "Post (Isaac and Amy) Papers," at http://www.lib.rochester.edu/rbk/postfam.stm current at 1/21/00. This site is invaluable for biographical information and information on the Postís relationship to Rochester. It includes an Introduction, a Biographical Sketch, and a detailed Scope and Content Note for the Post papers held by the library. The contents are organized by subject. There is also a Container listing for the Post papers.|
|William L. Clements Library (University of Michigan), Women In History Project: Amy Kirby Papers, at http://www.clements.umich.edu/Gurls/Guides/Kirby.html. (This site describes Kirbyís relationship with Willets, her fiancť. Her birth date here is mentioned as 1803 and her childhood home as Locust Grove, LI, NY)|
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